Peer review refers to the process of evaluating a manuscript/article submitted for publishing in an academic journal. The manuscript is reviewed by impartial reviewers with expertise in the same field or discipline as the author. Hence the phrase Peer Review. Reviewers access the manuscript for accuracy and validity of research methodology before publication.
Why do I need to know this? At some point in your academic career you will have an assignment that requires you, the researcher, to use peer reviewed articles. It is easy to find an article using a college or university database or Google Scholar, but not all articles found are peer reviewed. If you understand the concept of peer review, your academic career becomes much easier especially when it comes to research.
How can I tell if the article is peer reviewed? Good question!
GALILEO can be accessed through the SCTC Library webpage. Type in your keywords or topic in the search box and press select. After you press select, the GALILEO search page appears listing articles titles pertaining to your topic. The 'Limit To' options appear on the left Scholarly - (Peer Reviewed) Journals.
Peer reviewed article features vary according to discipline and type of study that was conducted. Here is list of common features included on peer reviewed articles published in academic journals.
1. Title of Article and Name of the Academic Journal
2. Authors and Author Credentials
3. Abstract - Abstract functions as summary of the article
4. Organization by heading such as Introduction, Literature Review, Methods, Procedures, Results, Conclusion
5. Citations throughout article & Bibliography or Reference list at the end of article